Travel up to speeds of 28,163 km/h (17,500 mph).
Forty-five years ago the associate director of science at Nasa's Marshall Space Flight Center, Ernst Stuhlinger, an original member of Wernher von Braun's Operation Paperclip team, was asked by Sister Mary Jucunda, a Zambia-based nun, how he could suggest spending billions of dollars on spaceflight.
Thanks to the hit film "Gravity and the Oscar-nominated performance of Sandra Bullock, we can now readily appreciate the anxiety that must be felt by the astronauts and cosmonauts aboard the International Space Station whenever they receive such a "red conjunction" call.
The critical first step in tackling super wicked problems is to expand the group of people who support measures that reduce the risk.Due to their enormous orbital speed (17,000 mph each one of these objects carries with it the potential to damage or destroy the satellites that we now depend.Horizon: The Trouble With Space Junk is on BBC Two at 2000 on Wednesday 5th August).Their Dove satellites are smaller than a briefcase, yet have the capability to deliver high-resolution images of the Earth for a multitude of purposes.It is also not without risk, but a successful outcome will surely code reduc catimini 2018 show the space-faring world that a technical solution to the space junk problem exists, even if the political, legal and financial issues have yet to be solved.Against the background of an increasing space junk problem, a renaissance is now taking place in space; what was the principal domain of governments and space agencies, with their large, multi-billion dollar satellites, is becoming the province of an emerging industry that is revolutionising the.'Super wicked problem' In 2014, Brian Weeden, a technical adviser for the Secure World Foundation, described space junk as a "super wicked problem." Such problems, he explained, are particularly challenging to solve because time is running out, there is no central authority providing guidance.Image copyright Science Photo Library Image caption More than 5,000 launches since the start of the space age have left Earth orbit increasingly congested and contested.Concerns of an uncontrollable growth of the space junk population and the loss of key satellites that enable us to address our society's problems have prompted scientists to look for ways to remove junk from space: If we can remove the problematic junk, then.More than 100 million pieces below 1cm.
Indeed, we already have some experience of this: in February 2009 two europcar reduction gmf relatively small satellites collided over Siberia creating about 2,000 new fragments that could be tracked, with many still orbiting today and regularly passing close to other satellites.
Space junk in numbers, image copyright nasa Image caption In 2007, a chunk of space debris punched this hole in the radiator panel of space shuttle Endeavour 500,000 pieces of space debris between 1 and 10cm.
Indeed, we have made great use of Stuhlinger's "mirror" to meet many of society's biggest challenges.
Red Conjunction, perhaps the most visible symptoms of the space junk problem are the regular collision avoidance manoeuvres being performed by the International Space Station (ISS and the increasingly frequent and alarming need for its occupants to "shelter-in-place" when a piece of junk is detected.Nevertheless, these satellites are some of the most valuable for understanding our planet.Image copyright nasa Image caption Astronauts aboard the ISS shelter in the Soyuz capsule when a piece of junk is detected too late to manoeuvre.Due to this congestion, there is an increasing chance that the space junk population could become self-sustaining.Tracking systems, objects as small as 3mm can be detected by ground-based radars.Dubbed the "Kessler Syndrome" after the Nasa scientist Don Kessler (now retired) who recognised and described this process with Burton Cour-Palais in 1978, such a scenario is a real - albeit often exaggerated - possibility.The greatest concentrations of debris are found at 750-800km.The space age has enabled global solutions to some of society's biggest challenges, just as Ernst Stuhlinger described in his letter to Sister Mary Jucunda.The mission is ambitious; numerous technologies have been developed and assessed, including a solution based on a harpoon proposed by UK engineers from Airbus Defence and Space."It is certainly not by accident that we begin to see the tremendous tasks waiting for us at a time when the young space age has provided us the first good look at our own planet he said.At higher altitudes the amount of space junk is substantially greater, but only robotic spacecraft are exposed there.1bn on a new space tracking device - the Space Fence radar system, which can track up to 200,000 pieces of smaller debris.That is, more junk could be created by collisions than is removed through the natural decay caused by atmospheric drag.Today, Stuhlinger's response still provides a powerful justification for the costs associated with space research.The participants were presented the successful practice of component integration of disaster risks' reduction in the Kazakhstan's education system.